Only 4,5 and 5,0 NJP-wines (Nenad Jelisic Points) are presented as the best vintages.
If for some wine behind “the best vintages” stands “none”, it means that none of the wine's vintages got 4,5 NJP or 5,0 NJP.
Maceration, to get more colour, more flavour and more tannins, most winemakers usually macerate, i.e. let the grape skins remain in the grape mass (the must) and leach. (2021-02)
Macération carbonique, a French maceration and fermentation method that was invented in Beaujolais (a French wine district). Everything starts with that whole bunches of grapes are placed in a vat, which is then sealed and filled with carbon dioxide to remove the oxygen. Under the carbon dioxide pressure, the first fermentation takes place inside the grapes, whereupon the grapes “explode” and the second, traditional fermentation begins. (2021-03)
Mâconnais, a French wine district that belongs to the Burgundy wine region. Mâconnais consists of three regional appellations: Mâcon, Mâcon followed by the name of the municipality (Village) and Mâcon-Villages, and 5 Village-appellations: Pouilly-Fuissé (758 ha), Pouilly-Loche (34 ha), Pouilly-Vinzellees (61 ha), Saint-Véran (743 ha) and Viré-Clessé (437 ha). The wine district has about 7,000 ha planted with grapes and 94% of these produce white wines. The majority of white wines are labelled as Mâcon-Villages with the municipality's name and Mâcon with the municipality's name. Mâconnais is dominated by 13 large cooperatives. The 3 largest are: Lugny, which owns 1,750 ha, Prissé, which owns 950 ha, and Viré, which owns 320 ha. The overwhelming majority of the Mâconnais-wines should be drunk before they reach 3 years old. (2021-03)
Mâconnais grapes, dominate Chardonnay (80%) and Gamay, Pinot Noir, Aligoté and Pinot Blanc are also grown. (2021-03)
Mâconnais soils, three types of soils dominate: clay with lime rich soil, clayey flinty sand that is often mixed with sandstone and silty soil. (2021-03)
Mâcon-Villages, a French appellation that belongs to the Mâconnais wine district, which in turn belongs to the wine region of Burgundy. Mâcon-Villages has 3,768 ha planted with grapes, and has no Premier Cru-vineyards and Grand Cru-vineyards. The appellation consists of three appellations: Mâcon (78 ha), Mâcon followed by the name of the municipality (village) (1,647 ha) and Mâcon-Villages (2,043 ha). 27 municipalities (villages) have the right to write their name on the label behind Mâcon. Both the permitted and the average yield is 60 hl/ha. The most concentrated and buttery wines with hints of honey and peaches come from the south parts of the appellation; Fuissé, Loché, Pierreclos and Solutré. The wines from here are aged on yeast sediment in stainless steel tanks and partly in 300 to 500 litres oak barrels, partly new, a few months. 225 litres oak barrels (barrique) are rarely used. (2021-03)
Mâcon-Villages grapes, Chardonnay. (2021-03)
Mâcon-Villages soils, three types of soils dominate: clay with lime rich soil, clayey flinty sand that is often mixed with sandstone and silty soil. (2021-03)
Madeira, a fortified wine from the Portuguese island of Madeira, which is mainly produced of a red grape variety Negra Mole (about 85%), and four white grape varieties: Bual, Malvasia, Sercial and Verdelho. It starts with that the grapes are harvested, crushed, pressed and fermented in either stainless steel or oak casks. During the fermentation, the wine is fortified by the addition of neutral grape spirits, which halts the fermentation and creates wine styles from sweet (Malmsey; also known as Malvasia or Malvazia) to dry (Sercial). The aging process depends on the quality of the wine. The cheaper wines (the wines of inferior quality) are artificially heated in low stainless steel or concrete tanks (Cuba de Calor) and the expensive wines (the highest quality wines) in cask in the ambient heat of island (Canteiro). This means that all Madeira wines are subject to considerable oxidative ageing (contact with air/oxygen). The combination of the used grapes’ natural acidity, the fortification and the aging process makes Madeira to one of the longest lived wines in the world. (2016-07)
Magnum, double bottles, 1,5 litres.
Maison, = négociant. “Maison” is often used on the label for wines made from grapes that have been purchased. Fédération des Syndicats de Négociants-Eleveurs de Grande Bourgogne estimates that 50% of Burgundy bottles are Maison (négociant) bottles. (2016-05)
Maison Bertrand Ambroise, Clos Vougeot, Grand Cru (red dry wine; 100% Pinot Noir), Vougeot, Côte de Nuits, Burgundy, France, the best vintages, until and including vintage 2018 none. (2021-05)
Maison Bertrand Ambroise, Côte de Nuits Villages (red dry wine; 100% Pinot Noir), Côte de Nuits, Burgundy, France, the best vintages, until and including vintage 2018 none. (2021-05)