CABE-CARM CARM-CENT CENT-CHAM CHAM-CHAM CHAM-CHÂT CHÂT(BALE)-CHÂT(BRAN) CHÂT(BRAN)-CHÂT(CHEV) CHÂT(CHEV)-CHÂT(DAUG) CHÂT(DAUZ)-CHÂT(DEST) CHÂT (DOIS)-CHÂT(GAZI) CHÂT(GISC)-CHÂT(HAUT) CHÂT(HAUT)-CHÂT(LACL) CHÂT(LACL)-CHÂT(LAFO) CHÂT(LAGA)-CHÂT(LATO) CHÂT(LATO)-CHÂT(LÉOV) CHÂT(LEPR)-CHÂT(MARQ) CHÂT(MARQ)-CHÂT(OLIV) CHÂT(OLIV)-CHÂT(PÉTR) CHÂT(PÉTR)-CHÂT(ROCH) CHÂT(ROLL)-CHÂT(VILL) CHÂT(D'YQU)-CHIL CHIL-CLOS CLOS-COLD COLD-CÔTE CÔTE-CÔTE CÔTE-CÔTE CÔTE-CUVÉ
Only 4,5 and 5,0 NJP-wines (Nenad Jelisic Points) are presented as the best vintages.
If for some wine behind “the best vintages” stands “none”, it means that none of the wine's vintages got 4,5 NJP or 5,0 NJP.
Champagne Salon, one of the best and most mythical sparkling wines (champagnes) from France's Champagne wine region. The wine is so-called Blanc de Blancs i.e. it is made from 100% Chardonnay. The grapes come from a 1 hectare vineyard called Le Jardin Salon, which is owned by Salon, and 19 other vineyards (9 hectares), which are owned by contract growers. Le Jardin Salon is located in Grand Cru Le Mesnil-sur-Oger that is located in the heart of the wine district Côtes des Blancs, which in turn is located in the wine region of Champagne. The vines have an average age of 40 years. After that the grapes have been hand harvested/selected, they are selected again when they come to the winery, then they are destemmed and gently pressed. Only the first pressing is used. The wine is fermented in stainless steel tanks, and because one wants to keep the sharp malic acid, the wine does not go through the second fermentation (malolactic fermentation). The majority of other vintage champagnes are aged in contact with their yeast sediment usually as long as necessary i.e. 36 months while this champagne is aged an average of 120 months. All remuage is done by hand. The wine is produced approximately every three years, and then in a series of 35,000 to 60,000 bottles. It is interesting that only 38 vintages of Salon have been made over the last 115 years (1905-2020). The first vintage was vintage 1905. It was not until the 1920s that the vintage began to be marketed and sold. (2020-11)
Champagne Salon (white dry sparklig wine; Blanc de Blancs; 100% Chardonnay), Champagne, France, the best vintages, 1932, 1945, 1947, 1949, 1953, 1955, 1959, 1961, 1964, 1966, 1969, 1976, 1979, 1982, 1985, 1988, 1990, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2006, 2007 and 2008. (2020-11)
Champagne sweetness levels, Brut Nature (less than 3 grams per litre of residual sugar), Extra Brut (between 0 and 6 g/l), Brut (less than 12 g/l), Extra Sec (between 12 and 17 g/l), Sec (between 17 and 32 g/l), Demi-Sec (between 32 and 50 g/l) and Doux (more than 50 g/l). (2018-02)
Chapeau, the problem that occurs during the maceration. The carbon dioxide, which is created during the maceration, brings the grape skins to the surface where the skins form a skin mass (chapeau). This skin mass must be mixed with the must and this is done by pressing with special poles (pigeage) or by over-pumping method (remontage) or by rotating steel tanks etc.
Chappellet, Pritchard Hill, Cabernet Sauvignon (red dry blend wine), Napa Valley, North Coast, California, USA, the best vintages, 2002, 2004, 2007, 2009, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017. (2019-12)
Chappellet, Signature, Cabernet Sauvignon (red dry blend wine), Napa Valley, North Coast, California, USA, the best vintages, until vintage 2012 none; 2013 and 2016. (2019-12)
Chaptalization, to improve the sugar content (raise the alcohol content), some winemakers use to add sugar or concentrated grape must in the must before the fermentation.
Chardonnay, a white wine grape. Calcareous soil mixed with clay (e.g. Kimmeridgian soil) are an ideal habitat for the grape. Chardonnay, which is cultivated in the right way and at the right place (e.g. Cote de Or), gives dry, rounded, fragrant and flavourful wines. Wines with the aroma and flavour of apple, vanilla, honey, lemon, wet stones, smoke, butter, nuts and orange. Wines with a long aging potential, over time, start to smell and taste banana, pineapple and mango. (2015-08)
Charles Heidsieck, Brut, Réserve, NV (white dry blend sparkling wine), Champagne, France, the best vintages, the wine is a blend of different vintages. It keeps a constant and high quality; 4,0 NJP. (2019-02)
Charmat method, in contrast to the Champagne method, the second fermentation takes place in the stainless steel tanks and not in the bottles.
Chassagne-Montrachet, a French appellation that belongs to wine district Côte de Beaune, which in turn belongs to the wine region of Burgundy. The appellation consists of 3 Grand Crus (crus = vineyards) and 50 Premier Crus. All three Grand Crus have their own appellations. To these 3 Grand Crus belong: Bâtard-Montrachet, Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet and Montrachet, and to these 50 Premier Crus belong: Abbaye de Morgeot, Blanchot dessus, Bois de Chassagne, Cailleret, Champs Jendreau, Chassagne, Chassagne du Clos Saint-Jean, Clos Chareau, Clos Pitois, Clos Saint-Jean, Dent de Chien, En Cailleret, En Remilly, En Virondot, Ez Crets, Ez Crottes, Francemont, Guerchère, La Boudriotte, La Cardeuse, La Chapelle, La Grande Borne, La Grande Montagne, La Maltroie, La Romanée, La Roquemaure, Les Baudines, Les Boirettes, Les Bondues, Les Brussonnes, Les Champs Gain, Les Chaumées, Les Chaumes, Les Chenevottes, Les Combards, Les Commes, Les Embazées, Les Fairendes, Les Grandes Ruchottes, Les Grands Clos, Les Macherelles, Les Murées, Les Pasquelles, Les Petites Fairendes, Les Petits Clos, Les Places, Les Rebichets, Les Vergers, Morgeot, Petingeret, Tête du Clos, Tonton Marcel, Vide Bourse, Vigne Blanche and Vigne Derrière. The appellation has 304 ha, of which approximately 106 hectares are planted with Pinot Noir and the rest with Chardonnay. Of these 304 ha, 149 ha are classified as Premier Crus and 20,5 ha as Grand Crus. The average yield is 50 hl/ha. What is interesting is that the Grand Crus Bâtard-Montrachet and Montrachet belong both to this appellation and to the appellation Puligny-Montrachet. Qualitatively, Chardonnay wines, from this appellation, approach more and more to those from the appellation Puligny-Montrachet. One hectare of Montrachet costs right now (2012) 23,4 million GBP and thereby has the world's most expensive hectare price. (2016-09)
Chassagne-Montrachet grapes, Chardonnay (65%) and Pinot Noir (35%). (2016-09)
Chassagne-Montrachet soils, range from pebbly limestones, to marls and sandy soils. (2016-09)
Chassagne-Montrachet the best vintages for red wines, 1929, 1966, 1969, 1978, 1990, 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2016; not 2017. (2019-12)
Chassagne-Montrachet the best vintages for white wines, 1962, 1966, 1969, 2014 and 2017. (2019-12)
Château Angelus (red dry blend wine), Premier Grand Cru Classé A, Saint Émilion, Libournais, Bordeaux, France, the best vintages, 1989, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. (2019-08)
Château Ausone (red dry blend wine), Premier Grand Cru Classé A, Saint Émilion, Libournais, Bordeaux, France, the best vintages, 1874, 1929, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018. (2019-08)
Château Bahans Haut-Brion, see Le Clarence de Haut-Brion.